The authorities involved in pesticide management in Brazil are the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) under the Ministry of Health (MS), and the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) under the Ministry of Environment (MMA).
Law 7802 (Pesticide Law) established Brazil's current pesticide legislative framework, which governs pesticide research, experimentation, production, packaging, labelling, transportation, storage, marketing, commercial-advertising, utilization, import, export, waste and package disposal, registration, classification, and control. The role of each ministry is given below:
After Submission for the Registration:
1. Submission of the product registration will be reviewed by all the Authorities.
2. MAPA expresses an opinion on whether the proposed product is appropriate to reduce the Efficacy Evaluation, Phytotoxicity and Resistance Management risks.
3. In parallel, the ANVISA judge the Toxicological Assessment, MRL and Pre-harvest Interval and Dietary Risk Assessment of the product.
4. In addition, IBAMA views the Environmental Assessment Evaluation of Potential Environmental Hazards of the product.
5. After all the opinions are considered, the Brazil ministries then make a final decision, which needs to be supported by the Member States in comitology.
6. After the restriction enters into force, the substance is listed on the banned list and shall not be manufactured, placed on the market, or used.
Re-Registration: Technical product, pre-mixture, and formed product research and experimentation should get a special temporary registration (RET). For efficacy, toxicity, environment, residue, and chemical investigations, pesticides containing RET can be made or imported in small quantities. Agriculture products in the treated region are unfit for human consumption or animal feed. The RET can be given automatically by the registration authorities if a pesticide comprises active components that have already been registered in Brazil. The research and experiments are divided into three stages based on the condition, activity area, and study strategy.
When a product is intended to be further processed, the law does not require it to be labeled as a retail item. However, the exporter must provide all required information to the importer. The information provided by the exporter does not have to be on the product package (foodservice and industrial use packages), but it should be on the documentation that accompanies the items at the very least. The law does not need a specific document; therefore, it may be an invoice, a technical description sheet, or anything else.
Companies involved in the manufacturing, formulation, repackaging, exportation, importation, marketing, and application service of pesticides shall file the registration application. The registration can be categorized as product registration, special temporary registration (RET), component registration, and entity registration depending on the business stage, ingredient, and registration object (a.k.a. establishment registration).
Decree 7074 specifies the required material, label format, and layout, as well as the elements and text content of pesticide labels and product manuals. To indicate the product hazard to the user, a color band should be placed on the pesticide label. The color corresponds to the toxicological rating determined according to ANVISA's recommendations.
In Brazil, there are specific laws that apply to pharmaceutical products, cosmetics, pesticides, sanitizing products and explosives. However, there is no law applicable to industrial chemicals. In Oct 2018, the National Chemicals Safety Commission (Comitê Nacional Sobre Segurança Química, or CONASQ) , along with the Ministry of Environment (Ministério do Meio Ambiente, or MME), published a Preliminary Bill for the Inventory, Evaluation, and Control of Chemical Substances.
The draft law sets provisions on the creation of a national existing chemical substance inventory, and on the evaluation and control of chemical substances. It also makes GHS mandatory for industrial chemicals at workplace.
The draft law mainly applies to >=1t/y industrial chemical substances. According to the article 3 of the draft law, the following chemical substances are out of scope.
The article 6 and 7 of the draft law requires that producers or importers of industrial chemical substances, including substances in mixtures, in an amount equal to or greater than 1 ton per year (based on three years' average), submit the following information to the National Register of Chemical Substances maintained by CONASQ. All substances gathered will be used to build the National Inventory of Chemical Substances in Brazil.
It is expected that the deadline for submitting above info will be 3 years since the availability of a substance. For mixture, each substance exceeding 1t/y shall be submitted separately. For polymers, only polymers that do not qualify the criteria of polymer of low concern (PLC) shall be submitted.
Once the national existing chemical substance inventory has been finalized, chemical substances which are not listed will be regarded as new chemical substances. Manufacturers and importers of >=1t/y new chemical substances need to register those new substances by submitting additional studies and risk assesment report. Data requirements will increase with tonnage bands.
Certain existing chemical substances on the inventory will be selected for evaluation.
New substances and certain existing industrial chemicals on the inventory will be selected for hazard evaluation by Industrial Chemicals Assessment Technical Committee if they meet the following criteria:
Note: Industrial chemical substances which do not fulfill one or more of the criteria above but may give rise to a level of equivalent conern may also be subject to evaluation.
Producers and importers of >=1t/y industrial chemicals subject to evaluation will be required to submit certain information, studies, and safety data sheets to CONASQ to support risk assessment. Depending on the results of risk assessment, CONASQ may prohibit or restrict the production, import, trade or use of certain chemical substances.
If the regulation comes into force, the new law will make GHS mandatory for industrial chemicals at workplace.